Useful Tips -2014

From Maria

1. Do not open 2H/2S with less than 2 of the top 3 honours before partner has bid

.2. After , say, 1H X bid up a level

From Klinger - 50 more Winning Bridge Tips -Dick Craig's.

43. If you know partner is void, give partner a ruff rather than cash a winner if the latter play sets up a winner for declarer.

44. When switching to a suit such as Jxx or Qxx when dummy holds low cards on your right, lead low if you only need 2 tricks, but high if you need 3 or more tricks from the suit.

45. If your opening lead can be read as a sure or possible singleton, partner's card at trick 1 should be taken as a suit preference signal

46.Often a defender knows more about the layout of a suit than declarer does . Make the most of that info. to present declarer with a losing option

47. When dummy's suit turns out to be particularly weak, it is often correct to switch to that suit early in the defence

48. When declarer in no=trumps fails to tackle a good long suit in dummy, you can be almost certain that the suit is running, and will provide declarer with as many tricks as there are cards in that suit

19. If the opponents have shown a strong trump fit and you have 3+ cards in their suit, then it is safe to take action on seemingly weak hands - what does this mean???

21. It is often best to lead low from a 4-card or longer unbid suit headed by the J10. Leading the J can cost - may collide with partner's KQ or AQ doubleton

22. If the opponents bid to a slam after you have bid a suit, you can be certain that they are ready for a lead of your suit

From Klinger 100 Winning Duplicate tips: - Maria has - thought I had too, but seemingly not??

9. After a 1C opening, if you have 4Ds & 4H/Ss, prefer to reply 1D if in 6-9 point range or with >16HCP. In 10-15 point range, bid your major first as long as you have a comfortable NT rebid .

10. Prefer a 4-4 major fit to a 5-3 or 5-4 one.

11. With a major suit fit and also a hand suitable for NTs, play in the major suit when your combined point count is 25-29, but choose NTs when your side has 30 points or more.

!3. Discuss with Maria -April 2014. If the partnership allows a 1NT opening with a 5-3-3-2 pattern, it is sensible to use 2C to ask for a 5 card major. If answer is 2D - no, min. hand/2NT - no, max. hand, then 3C can be used to ask for a 4 card major if responder has enough for game ????

14, After 1Nt 2C 2D/2NT 3C...asking for a 4 card major, use replys 3H/3S = 4 card major plus a doubleton: 3D = some 4-3-3-3patern: 3NT + no 4 card major and not 4-3-3-3 ???

18. Even with a 5-3 fit for a major suit, 3Nt may well be better when you are very strong in partner's short suits.

19. Do not open with a weak 2 with a decent 7 card suit. Be prepared to take your chances and choose a 3-level or higher even when vulnerable.

20. After a transfer after 1NT, super accept only when 1. 4 card support for partner, 2. Max. points- upgrade A & Ks. 3. a ruffing value 4. NV & opps not

22. If partner opens 1H/1S & you have support but a balanced hand with 10 losers, choose a 1NT reply

31. After a negative double by responder, opener should not compete at the 3 level in the direct seat with just min. values.

33. Compete freely in 4th seat after a transfer bid is passed.

35. After partner's double of a suit opening and a 3rd hand raise of that suit, double by 4th hand is Responsive and shows 2 suits of about equal length & opposite rank to the suit opened. shows 6-9 points- can rebid later if stronger.

36. Use support doubles 1D P 1S 2H ??. 1. 2S - a min. opening with 4 Ss. 2. X shows 3Ss,strength wideranging. Forcing. 3. P a min. opening & < 3spades.

LEADS. 61. If declarer has made a long suit trial bid, rejected by dummy, leading the trial suit often works well.

63a.. If you have a choice between a safe lead, highly unlkley to beat the conract, and a speculative lead which might do, stick with the Safe lead

63b. Against 1Nt or 2NT openings,or 3NT reached after an invitational auction, be very reluctant to lead from a 4-card suit with only one honour. Even with 2 honours a 4-card suit can be risky without significant gain. To lead from 3/4 rags is usually safer

64. When you side is strong in every suit outside trumps, a trump lead is often best.

65. When opposition bids 1-minor: 1-major: 3/4-major, attack one of the other 2 suits- before they can discard losers on the long minor

66. When you are very weak and partner is marked with enough strength to take some action, but did not do so, ask yourself why partner has kept quiet. The answer might point you to the best lead.

67. If they bid beyond their high card values, lead a trump.

68. When declarer has bid 2 suits and you are strong in the non-trump suit, lead a trump.

69. When partner shows 2 suits, try to judge which is likely to be the stronger suit and lead that.

70. Be quick to double if that tells partner what to lead.

72. If declarer shows legth in 2 suits and a stopper in the third, he is likely to be short in the remaining suit.

91. Take the tricks that are yours unless sure they cannot vanish.

92. When you have an honour card & sit over dummy who has the card below your honour, be very wary of switching to this suit- a significant risk of giving declarer an extra trick. Note difference & correct play when a Surround position exists- here you also have a higher non-touching honour- eg AQ10 x over J64

93. Beware of switching to a new suit if dummy has no long suit which can provide useful discards for declarer. Take your tricks quickly if dummy does have such a suit!!.

94. Cashout position- study this again!!

95. When to over-ruff declarer- do not really understand why not to at times. Maria maybe could go through egs with me ??

97. When partner leads from an honour sequence. In NT lead of Q when you are sitting with K10 x must be Q J 9 x x - drop 10 to show her what declare has

99. Study again. When your play within a suit is immaterial, the card you play can be useful as a suit preference signal

100. When sitting over dummy and switching to an honour when dummy has a key honour , leading 3rd from an interior sequence and top of other sequences clarifies the position for partner. So, with K J 10 x - lead 10 : from Q10 9 x - lead 9. But from J10xx lead the J and from 109xx lead the 10

From Klinger When to Bid, when to Pass - Dick Craigs

1. HLQT count - 22 to open

2. Opening in 3rd seat. With < 13 points, only open if your bid suggests a good lead to partner. . In general, if your hand has a good suit that would be worth a 1 level overcall, it is worth opening.

3. Opening in 4th seat.. Only open with ,14 points if rule of 15 is satisfied: HCP + no. of cards in Ss

4. In 3rd or 4th seat, a strong 5 card major is OK for a weak 2. . In 4th seat with 8-12 points.

5. Use weak jump shifts with 0-5 points and a 6+ card suit . eg. 1C 2H . And 1D 3C shows 6+ card suit & 5-8 points. With more cards in the suit can reduce the points needed. . Denies support for partner's suit & should not be used with 5-5 or more freakish 2-suiter.

6. A new suit is forcing if either opener or responder has shown more than min. points. So, a. 1S 2C 2D is forcing ; b. 1C 1H 2D is forcing ; 1S 2H 3C is forcing to game - a reverse,16+ points ; d. 1D 1H 2S or 1H 1S 3C- a jump shift, 19+ points - is forcing to game . But 1D 2C 3C is not forcing

7. After opener raises a 2 level response, a raise to 3-minor is non forcing - can be passed by responder with 10/11 points.

8. If responder reverts to opener's major at the 3 level, 1S 2C 3C 3S - inviting to game, 3 card support.

9. For later!, 1S 2H 4C/4D is a splinter- 4+ support for Hs, singleton/void in suit bid. - page 61.

10. After 1H 1S 2H , a new suit at the 2 level is forcing and shows 10+ points . Responder's 2NT rebid shows 11-12 points- do not use 2NT as a rescue bid! . Raising opener's suit to the 3 level shows 10-12 points and invites game. With 6-9 points, responder may repeat his own suit with a decent 6-card suit or a very strong 5card suit- 3 honours.

11. If opener has rebid the suit opened , a change of suit by responder is forcing. 1D 1S 2D 2H - he has 5+ Ss , 4+ Hs and 10+ points. 1D 1H 2D 2S is forcing for 1 round Responder has 4/5 Hs, but maybe just a stopper in Ss,- he knows opener does not have 4Ss - to see whether opener has Cs stopped. So 1D 1H 2D 2S 2NT - have clubs stopped - 3NT - responder has 13 HCP.

LEBENSOHL

After 1NT 2H say,

 X for takeout.    Therefore partner should have a shortage in the overcalled suit and 4 in major(s). How many HCPs needed? 
 >8points? 
 If   opener has 4 of bid suit & flat hand, might have to rebid 2NT.

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