Spain-system

Open with a 5 card major, 12+ points or Rule of 20 [19 if NV]. Strong NT 15-17 opener, ?? Could be 14-17 in 3rd or 4th suit and also could contain a weak 5 card major

Trial Bids . 1H P 2H P 2S = can you help in Ss? With 0/1 loser in Ss, bid 4H irresp. of point count. With 2 losers, bid game if max, 9-10 points including shortage. With 6-8 points bid 3H. With 3 losers bid 3H.

A new suit at the 3 level is forcing : so 1D 1H 2NT 3C....opener's 1st priority is to give delayed - 3 cards- support to the Hs or if not bid 3NT

DEFENCE

1. Signals

On partners 1st or ANY?? lead a low odd is really encouraging, high odd also encouraging. An even card is Mckenny for suit wanted

Primary : {On partner's lead: Attitude:  high encouraging, low discouraging - REMOVE THIS?}   Beware a 4 might be high, a 7 could still be low: observe what's in dummy and what declarer plays. Then, Secondary: after discouraging with say a 2 on partner's A lead, then on his subsequent K, play 8 to show interest in a high suit, 3 to show a lower suit - This now redundant??

On declarer's lead: Count : high-low = even no. of cards ; low = odd no.  Probably only realistically do this when no entry in Dummy for a long suit there, to tell you when to play your ace!

When discarding: McKenny. A low card in say Ds says I want a C. A high card in Ds, I want a S, assuming I am discarding on a H. So, to say I want a S, I could throw a high D or a high C, but even then, not always possible

When leading my suit to give you a certain ruff, a low card shows my entry is in the lower suit, a high card led shows I have an entry in the higher suit.

2. Overcalls

Simple overcall : 5+ suit, 8+HCP, suit quality applies. 10+ HCP at the 2 level . Could be up to 17 HCP. Reply using TTP or Cue bid if 10+ points and support.

Jump overcall : Weak, usually 6 cards. With no fit for overcalled suit, partner needs > 16 points to bid: with a fit & 4+ winners he should bid: change of suit is Forcing . But, in protective seat, ie 1C P P 2H is an Intermediate Jump Overcall, say 11-14 points

Fit Jump. In response to an overcall shows 4 + card support and a 5 card suit with at least 2 honours

1C P P 1NT is 10-14 points and a good stopper.
1C P P X is ~ 15-19 points if balanced
1C P P 2NT would be 20 -22 points
1C P P 1H  would be 5 good Hs and 9+ points


3. Michaels, UNT & Cue Bid.
Michaels. 1C 2C shows both majors, preferably 55 but if non vulnerable could just be 5 4,with good HCP in the 4. At least 8 HCP, a bit more if vulnerable. Not more than 12??
1C 2NT shows Hs & Ds ,    preferably 55 but could just be 54. At least 8 HCP, a bit more if vulnerable
1H 2H shows  Ss & a minor, preferably 55 but could just be 54. At least 8 HCP, a bit more if vulnerable
1H 2NT shows both minors, preferably 55 but could just be 54. At least 8 HCP, a bit more if vulnerable

Unassuming Cue Bid  a]. Opposite partner's overcall, a cue bid shows support for partner's suit & a strong hand, 10+ HCP
b]. Opposite partner's double, a cue bid is a strong hand asking partner to choose the major
After 2H X P 3H says have you got a H stopper to go to 3NT . Lebensohl used in response: 2H X P 2NT says, partner, I have <= 7 points, you bid 3C, I will bid my best suit


4. After Opponents open in a suit :  1NT = 16-18 HCP in direct seat, 10 - 14 points in protective seat. Transfers and stayman still apply

5. After opponents open 1NT, X is for penalties and is to be left in, for penalties, however weak partner may be.. So, need 15+ points ??IF IT IS a STRONG 1NT ??and a fairly certain source of tricks, say a long fairly solid suit. After this X, if opponents go on bidding, any more Xs are for penalties
2C is both majors, at least 5 4.  Partner chooses or says 2D if he wants overcaller to choose
2D, 2H or 2S are natural, a good 5 card suit/6 card, and at least 11 HCP
2NT is 5 5 in the minors. Partner chooses.

6. After a weak 2 opener: X = takeout, at least an opening hand & at least 443 in the other 3 suits
. Partner replies 2NT /2S over 2H,  if <= 7 HCP = Lebensohl, then doubler bids 3C, partner bids his best suit   .
2NT = 16+ balanced

7. After a weak 3:  X =  takeout
3NT = 18+ Hcp balanced
3 of a new suit to play
4 NT = both minors


8 Support Doubles after an interfering bid. eg. 1C P 1D P 1H 1S 2H says partner I have 3Hs . More egs please

9.After opponent  doubles for takeout;  Truscott 2NT  is 10+ points and 4 card support
XX is 10+ points and no support.
a new suit is forcing

10. After an opponent's double, bid  1 level higher than normal if supporting partner's opener  So. 1H X 3H is preemptive

11. Responding to your partner's overcall, support to the level of the number of trumps you hold. ie. 1C 1H P 2H shows you hold 3 Hs, 0 - 9 points . With 10+ points, bid 2C.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1C 1H P 3H would show 4 Hs , 0-9 points

12.Doubles.

Negative. Used when partner has opened & opposition have intervened. 1C 1H X shows at least 6 HCP and 4Ss. 1C 1H 1S shows 5 spades. . .1C 1D X should show both majors . 1H 1S X shows 6+ HCP, no support for Hs and no stopper in Ss.

Protective . eg. 1S P P X shows 10-11 HCP and no 6 card suit . Partner can a. Pass, converting the X to penalty ; b. replies with his longest suit ; c. with 2 suits of equal length , bid the major; d. with 2 majors, bid Hs . And with 10+ HCP, raise a level ?

Reopening X. . . . 1C 1H P P X. Above minimum opening, tolerance for Ds & Ss

 

15. Transfers. These apply after 1NT & 2NT openers & after a 1NT overcall.

Super Accept/Bouncing

With 4 good cards in partner's suit, non vulnerable, values concentrated in a long suit & As & Ks, not Qs & Js, super accept. eg 1NT 2H 3S . Do not use when Vulnerable and opponents not, hand is 4333 min and rich in Qs Js & 10s, your 4 trumps are of poor quality

Breaking.

Maximum hand, 4 card support & a working doubleton xx not Qx . eg. 1NT 2H 3C shows maximum hand, 4 spades and xx in Cs[ think Ax is also OK.] eg 1NT 2D 2S shows 14 HCP , 4 Hs and a small doubleton in named suit, here Ss - but could be Cs/Ds - 3C/D response

But over 2NT, instead of breaking to a doubleton, it is more sensible to break to the suit where you hold your best outside values. eg. 2NT 3H 4D has 4 good Ss &, say, KQ103 in Ds , . Then partner can decide whether to try for a slam- if so still use RKB with the trump suit, here Ss, as the suit where the K is shown as a keycard

16. Stayman

Played over any natural 1NT or 2NT bid by partner . Weak stayman also played with, say, xxxx, xxxx, xxxx, x and very weak - leaves partner's 2D/2H/2S reply

Lebensohl after opponents interference.

eg 1Nt 2S ?? 2Nt asks partner to bid 3C. 3Nt then means 13 HCP but no stop in Ss. 1NT 2S 2Nt 3S is stayman. If partner has not got 4Hs and no S stopper, must bid something else. 1NT 2S 3S is stayman with a S stopper. With K75, QJ9652, 10 53 , A , after 1NT 2S what do I say? 3H I feel, showing a 5 card suit, forcing, & showing a stopper. If no stopper, - changing KS with 10D - then 1Nt 2S 2Nt 3C 3H. With partner having A63, 10873 , Q6, Q62 , she would say 4H. Do not see how we could transfer

17 Checkback Stayman - Need to still write notes & egs here

 

20. Two level Openers

a]. 2C . . 8 1/2 Playing tricks [PT] or In Spain 20 points balanced. Response 2D relay A reply of 3H say shows 9 PT

b]. 2D . . 10 P T or 23 + HCP . Response 2 H relay

c]. 2NT. . . 21-22 in Spain

d]. 2H/S . Weak, 5-9 HCP and a 6 card suit . Replies : 1]. 2NT is Ogust - please describe your hand partner: 3C= weak HCP, 5-7, & only 1 of the top 3 honours; 3D= weak HCP , 2 honours; 3H = 8-9 HCP, 2 honours; 3S =8-9 HCP, 2 honours; 3NT = max, 3 honours

2]. A change of suit at the 2 level is NF, at the 3 level it is forcing

3]. A simple raise of the major is pre-emptive - not to be replied to!!

21. Slam Conventions

After 4NT Roman Keycard Blackwood. 1430 . So 5C + 1/4 keycards; 5D = 3/0 keycards; 5H = 2/5 keycards without Q of trumps ; 5S = 2/5 keycards with Q of trumps

If partner has replied 5C/D, then do not know about Q trumps. So, after a reply of 5C, bid 5D to ask for this Q: lowest reply, other than the trump suit, denies it, next highest says you have it

. then 5NT asks for Ks, other than the K of trumps CUE BID them??? or just 6C means none, 6D = 1, 6H =2,etc. If CUE BIDDING them, then agreed suit is missed out = if bid = none. . Danger with Cue bidding them that you get too high??? or maybe do not ask unless you think a grand slam is on?? . Probably should only ask if using Cue bidding if one needs one particular K.

Quantative 4NT . 1NT P 4NT asks partner to bid 6 NT if max.  1NT = 12-14, so 4NT is 19 points:

Never used, but 5NT by itself asks for the top 3 trumps: 6C=0, 6 of trump suit = 1, and 7 of trump suit = 2/3???

Playing for PENALTIES at a low level is not attracive with >= 3 card support for partner's suit

LEBENSOHL

2H X P 2NT-have a poor hand, <= 7 HCP, & also 2S is weak with Ss. With 8 or more points, bid 3C, 3D or 3S , With 11+ points and 2 stoppers in Hs, then bid 3NT

22. Splinters & Cue Bids

Macallan/Mendelson 100 Tips. page numbers used.

Don't open 4441 with less than 14+ HCP- ideal for T/O

8. Not sure what we do here??. With a very weak hand opposite a 1NT bid, not Xed by rhs, if I bid 2C, 2D, 2H, 2S these will all be taken as conventions by my partner. So surely all I can do is pass???

10. Only jump shift in response to partner's opener when you believe a slam is possible & you know the suit

14. Don't let opponents play at the 1 level - protective bidding

15. A Double of 1NT is ALWAYS for Penalties - do not rescue

18. Over opponent's vulnerable 1NT, only compete with the Minority of the points. With the majority should get a nice fat penalty!

21. A pre-empt before partner has bid should only contain A or K, but also 3 of the 5 top honours , and no more than either one Q or 2 Js in outside suits

26. Over partner's overcall, when weak SUPPORT or shut up - to the number of trumps you hold between you.

27. the 5 level is for Opponents - shut up if the auction is unclear.

28 Gambling 3NT: AKQxxxx in a minor and scattered outside values. If doubled and partner cannot stand 3NT, he says 4C & you change to 4D if needbe.

30. If you don't know what to bid in an uncontested auction, bid the 4th suit. . At the 2 level you need 10+ points & you suggest that you hold one stopper in the 4th suit. At the 3 level, this is game forcing & promises a stopper??

36. If you have 3 card support for partner's major, you should support him rather than bidding 1NT, unless you hand is 4333 with 10 or more losers.

37. After an intervening T/O X, support partner at least one level higher than usual. so, with a good Hand, bid a Conventional Truscott 2NT- tells partner you would have raised to at least 3H or made a Delayed game Raise. Without support for partner, 1NT = 6-9 points , XX means 10+ points

45. For overcalling, your hand improves if you hold length in the suit bid on your right , or a shortage on that bid on your left

68. In a 4-3 trump fit, almost always good to duck the first round of trumps, thus keeping control

85. When a singleton is led from dummy, play small even if you hold the A, unless you have a short holding .